The Mahabharata Characters. Krishna is sometimes called Krishna Vyasa Dvaipayana and credited with composing the Mahabharata, yet in the poem he is Arjuna's friend and charioteer, a character separate from the poet and seer Vyasa. He is born healthy and grows up to be one of the wisest characters in the Mahabharata. Unfortunately, this action opens the way for the future revenge of the Pandavas. Kripa's twin sister. Vyasa's frightening appearance, his "ugliness, grim visage, foul body, terrible odor," as Joseph Campbell quotes in his The Masks of God: Oriental Mythology, 1962, upsets the two women, Ambika and Ambalika. Great-grandson of Arjuna, King Janamejaya rules Kurujangala as the story opens. Bhima The Mahabharata Character Analysis. It is the source of many importance Hindu Scriptures such as Bhagavad Gita, Vishnu Sahasranāma, Shiva Sahasranāma etc. Dhritarashtra does exhibit kindness on occasion, though it sometimes has detrimental effects. As a form of poetic justice, Dhrishtadyumna is likewise killed unheroically, as he sleeps in his tent, by Aswatthaman. The "Mahabharata" is the world's longest epic poem and one of Hinduism's most popular and important scriptures, along with the "Ramayan." To answer a question like Why did the characters behave in such a way? After … Word Count: 4633. Carried by a hawk, the leaf eventually fell in the river and was swallowed by a fish. Later, after her marriage and discovery that Pandu cannot have children of his own, she calls down the gods Dharma, Vayu, and Indra. However we can still make a list of his virtues and vices. Mahabharata is the longest epic in the world written around 300 BC, it was narrated by Rishi Vyasa and written by the Hindu God Ganesh and many other authors over centuries. Chitraratha is king of the Gandharvas, powerful supernatural creatures who are the heavenly musicians. Yudhishthira agrees and, due to their cheating, loses first his kingdom of Indraprastha, then—because he will not stop gambling even though he is losing—goes on to lose his brothers, their shared wife Draupadi, and himself, thus setting the stage for the great battle. The central protagonist of the Mahabharata and one of the two primary characters in the Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna is a Pandava warrior who fights his cousins, the Kauravas, over his kingdom of Hastinapura. He does this for seven years. Unlike past stories where the character’s behaviors were affected someway but tradition, culture or society, the story of Yayati has none of those attributes. It is the tale of … When the tide of battle turns, Duryodhana flees rather than fight and perhaps die with honor. He marries Gandhari, who bears him one hundred sons, the Kauravas, who are the antagonists of the poem and represent the forces of evil and chaos. Mahabharata, one of the two Sanskrit epic poems of ancient India (the other being the Ramayana). When she learns that her future husband is blind, she blindfolds herself and never removes the veil from her eyes. These three—Yudhishthira, Bhima, and Arjuna—are the heroes of the Mahabharata. The women in the Mahabharata have been treated as slaves, property, chattel and commodities used for the pleasure of men. The eldest of the Pandava brothers, Yudhisthira is their leader as both king and commander in battle. He defends the town of Matsya from the attacking forces of Duryodhana, and slays Karna during the climactic moment of the great war. Jayadratha divorce literary analysis away from abstract diction-based arguments and instead tailored their criticism to more “grounded” pieces of literature like plot, characters, and so on and recognize the implicit misogyny of the structure of the story itself. Vrihadaswa The learned son of a Naga and a hermit, Astika asks King Janamejaya to stop the snake sacrifice on behalf of his people. They have been the subject for several interpretations and re-interpretations across genres from poems to plays to ballets to films and books. Sage and disciple of Vyasa, Vaisampayana recites the Mahabharata at the snake sacrifice of King Janamejaya. Uttarah Ghatotkacha is a powerful demon born to Bhima and Hidimba. The five pandavas and the story of their birth [topic] 2. Vyasa orders that the ball be separated into one hundred and one portions, and each piece placed in a jar. After the Narayana fails, Aswatthaman is demoralized and believes the Kauravas will lose. Unlike in the story of Valmiki where, Yayati speaks about the daughter of a guru named Devayani, she got into a fight with the demon princess Sarmishta over the fact that Sarmishta accidently wore Devayani’s clothing as they came out of a pool. Divided into eighteen segments, Mahabharata: A Modern Translation begins with the origins of the families who are the focus of the book. Duryodhana – One of The Main Characters Of Mahabharata By Aayush. During the war, however, Jayadratha once again invokes Arjuna's wrath by outmaneuvering his son, Abhimanyu, indirectly causing the young warrior's death. Her pregnancy by Dhritarashtra lasts for two years. Because she is unmarried when she gives birth to him, Kunti sends him adrift on a river, hoping that he will be found by worthy parents. He is one of the three surviving members of the defeated Kaurava army. One day while dreaming of his queen, his seed fell on a leaf. Kali then forces him to lose his kingdom in a game of dice and to desert his love. Dhritarashtra is the eldest grandson of Santanu. amw99. Unlike Jayadratha, who in a similar situation sees his life spared by the restraint of Yudhishthira, Kichaka faces Bhima and is killed for his presumptuousness. This act is one of revenge for his father's death, but is considered cowardly according to the dharma of war. Sikhandin During the great war, however, he refuses to fight on either side. Krishna's sister, Subhadra marries Arjuna and bears him the son Abhimanyu. The `Mahabharata' has a deep underlying symbolism. Arjuna chooses the former, while Duryodhana happily takes the latter. He catches the soul in his noose and begins to walk off. Krishna counteracts its force, however, by telling the Pandavas to drop their weapons and turn their thoughts from war, rendering them immune to its power. Hidimba-asur Bharata In heaven, eight Vasu gods (attendants of Indra) are cursed to be born on earth. Abhimanyu As Arjuna's companion, Krishna is present throughout the work, though he makes his divine presence known most effectively when he sings the "Song of the Lord," the Bhagavad Gita. A beautiful heavenly dancer called an Apsara, Urvasi curses Arjuna to live for one year as a eunuch after he rejects her offers of love. This tale parallels that of Yudhishthira's situation, and its happy ending foreshadows the similar resolution of the epic plot. Virata The Mahabharata is an important source of information on the development of Hinduism between 400 BCE and 200 CE and is regarded by Hindus as both a text about dharma (Hindu moral law) and a history. Arjuna's son by Subhadra, Abhimanyu is killed in the great war by Duhsasana after his chariot is cut off from the main Pandava force by King Jayadratha. Amighty warrior, fleet of foot, Sahadeva accompanies his brothers throughout the Mahabharata, although both twins play a secondary role to the sons of Kunti: Yudhishthira, Bhima, and Arjuna. Mahabharata is revered as the Fifth Veda by Hindus. Wife of Santanu, Satyavati was born of royalty, but lived her early life as a fisherwoman who sometimes ferried travelers across the Yamuna river. Though Draupadi refuses him and attempts to warn him of the vengeance of her husbands, Kichaka is resolute in his passions and refuses to give up. Imagine a football field where a game between two intense rivals is set to take place, and you'll have the general picture of Mahabharata.On one side, you have the five sons of King Pandu and their friends. Yudhishthira's most notable traits, apart from his detachment, are his taste for gambling and inability to refuse a challenge. Too which Sarmishta pushed Devayani down a well and left. Word Count: 257. Nakula Vidura Print Word PDF. Revisionist interpretations pave way for multiple perspectives and multiple voices expanding the … God of the wind, Vayu fathers the mighty Pandava prince Bhima. Prince of the Nagas, a race of snake-men, Takshaka kills King Parikshit to avenge the murder of an innocent Naga. I do not find that helpful, or even interesting. He takes the form of a small copper beetle in order to achieve entry to Parikshit's guarded dwelling and commit the act. Later he is joined by his companions in heaven. The eldest princess of Banaras, Amba is abducted by Bhishma along with her sisters Ambika and Ambalika to serve as wives for Vichitravirya. It contains accounts of Bhagavada Gita, the story of Damyanti, some part of Ramayana and the Rishyasaringa. Uncle of the Kaurava princes, Sakuni cheats at dice to help them win Yudhishthira's kingdom of Indraprastha. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Savitri Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. After nine days of battle the Pandavas learn this fact and send Sikhandin against Bhishma. Vyasa Duryodhana and Sakuni exploit these qualities of Yudhishthira's character by inviting him to take part in a game of dice. After a while Yayati had an affair with Sarmishta, when Devayani found out she told her father, Sukracharya, who cursed Yayati to old age unless someone was willing to exchange their youth with his. While he frequently employs deception to defeat his enemies, in his final battle with Bhima, Duryodhana fights fairly and it is the Pandava prince who cheats by striking him in the thighs. Word Count: 321. On the way all but Yudhishthira fall dead. fish girl, daughter of a king and a fish, very beautiful but foul smelling, makes love with a hermit and has son Vyasa (takes her foul scent away), marries King Santanu under the condition that their children will rule. Later, Satyavati gave birth to the poet Vyasa, the ostensible author of the Mahabharata. In the famous tale of King Nala, Kali inhabits Nala's body in an attempt to thwart the king's love for Damayanti and gain the beautiful princess for himself. Twin brother of Nakula. Eventually she and Bhima fall in love and have a son, Ghatotkacha. His youngest son was the only one who accepted and eventually after Yayati lived his life to the fullest, he gave his youngest son his youth back (Naryan). Eleven Paths of Bhakti (Devotion) mentioned in Bhagavata Purana [topic] 3. Frightened by Vyasa's appearance, she turns pale, and gives birth to a pale-skinned son whom she names Pandu, meaning "white," "pale," or "pale yellow.". (See Savitri.). 1. A bad series of dice games he plays lands him, his wife, and his brothers in exile for 13 years, which precipitates a war between the Pandavas … A mighty warrior, fleet of foot, Nakula accompanies his brothers throughout the Mahabharata, although both twins play a secondary role to the sons of Kunti: Yudhishthira, Bhima, and Arjuna. On the eighth year, after the birth of the final child, Santanu stops her from killing the boy. Daughter of King Drupada of Panchala, Draupadi marries all five of the Pandava princes. Duryodhana is sometimes called "suryodhana," or "good fighter." He consistently defends the honor of his wife, Draupadi, although his measures are typically extreme. He is representative of honor and wisdom in the poem. Stayed true to his promise. No one is pure good and no one is pure evil. Through these characters, Bharati has commented upon tragedy of our times. After many years of rule he abdicates his throne to Arjuna's grandson, Parikshit, and sets out northward towards Mount Meru, "the world mountain,'' with his brothers and Draupadi. Dhritarashtra's primary failing is not malice, however, it is, appropriately, blindness—his inability to see clearly the events that are unfolding and to stop them. He offers aid to Draupadi after the game of dice in which Yudhishthira loses her, as well as his kingdom, his brothers, and himself. Karna is a tragic figure in the Mahabharata. Ramayana And The Mahabharata Analysis. Drupada is king of Panchala. Bhishma The patriarch of the Bharatas, he falls in love with Ganga and then Satyavati, producing sons by both; though of them only Bhishma takes part in the main action of the poem. Kunti Possessing the wisdom of the all-pervasive Vishnu who is said to "repose in truth, truth in him," Krishna is infallible. In exchange, the sun god tells him that he must demand a mighty weapon of war, which Karna does. Learn. Created by. A Yadava who fights for the Pandavas, Satyaki is one of seven warriors from the Pandava army—the others being the five brothers and Krishna—to survive the great battle. Ghatotkacha Convincing her to make love to him, Parashara removed the odor of fish and replaced it with that of flowers. A legendary king, Kuru gives his name to the Bharata people. A gallant warrior, Arjuna is called Vijaya, or "victor" and Dhanamjaya, or "winner of wealth." After ruling peacefully for sixty years, Parikshit, in a fit of rage over his unsuccessful hunting, shoots an innocent Naga. 1781 Words 8 Pages. When Duhsasana attacks Bhima during the great war, Bhima fulfills this promise and slays the Kaurava prince. The epic is a narrative of the Kurukshetra war but also contains much philosophical and devotional material. In return the ascetic rewards her with a powerful mantra that allows her to summon any god to sire a son with her. With more than 74,000 verses, plus long prose passages it is one of the longest epic poems in the world. With these words the divine Krishna convinces Arjuna that death is merely an illusion, that souls are immortal and return, reincarnated, to the earth after a period in heaven. For example, Duryodhana disregards Karna's apparently low birth and lack of rank to make him king of Anga—but this is primarily so that Karna will he in his debt. Some interpretations of Bhima's character find that he goes too far when he kills Duhsasana and drinks his blood as he swore to; however, other commentators note that in so doing, Bhima was avenging a terrible wrong and fulfilling a vow he had sworn to carry out. Vyasa is widely understood to be the scribe of the Mahabharata, and is considered one of the seven immortal beings in the Hindu faith. MAHABHARATA'S IMPORTANT CHARACTERS - MAHABHARATA is an epic narrative of the Kurukestra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pandava princes. At his death a huge snake with a thousand heads comes out of his mouth. Although driven by malice and pride, Duryodhana behaves generously on occasion—but usually with an ulterior motive. William Buck. Found as a child with her brother by a Kuru soldier, Kripi later marries Drona. He also grants Dhritarashtra's charioteer, Sanjaya, with the ability to see all the events of the great battle, day and night, and with divine protection so that he might report the war to his king. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Pinterest Email. It is in the form of a dog that he accompanies his son Yudhishthira on his final journey before his death; Yudhishthira proves his righteousness one last time through his kindness to his animal companion over the difficult journey. A physical incarnation, or avatar, of the god in mortal form, Krishna is the binding force and spiritual center of the Mahabharata. Savitri is the main character of a tale of the same name recounted by Markandeya to Yudhishthira. It outlines and explains the mental characteristics of a person and how it effects that person’s behavior. Without his armor or secret weapon, Karna cannot overpower Arjuna when the two meet in battle, and Arjuna defeats him. 2. Hanuman imparts some of his vast wisdom to the Pandava prince. After they defend his kingdom from the attacking forces of Duryodhana, Virata offers his daughter Uttarah and support in the great battle with the Kauravas. As the time of his death approaches, she waits by his side and sees Yama, the god of death, arrive to take Satyavan's soul. Write. He is the main character of the most popular Hindu epic Mahabharata and eldest among the Kauravas, the hundred sons of King Dhritarashtra and Queen … Instead of ruling, Bhishma seeks to strengthen his race through wise action. Vichitravirya Son of Kunti by Vayu and one of the five Pandava princes, Bhima possesses incredible strength. During the great battle, Gandhari observes that victory will be on the side of dharma, meaning that the Pandavas will win the war. Because of her great beauty, Draupadi is frequently abused or abducted by men who desire her. 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