It is in Beethoven's desire to reflect in music every shade of meaning in the text, such that no bar is inexpressive. incorporated these prayers into the music itself. The Dona nobis pacem is is structured like a symphonic finale, in Sonata-Rondo form, A B A’ C Coda. Violin Solo Ludwig van Beethoven hat mit der „Missa Solemnis“ die musikalische Gattung der christlichen Messe neu erfunden. (Hosanna in the highest!). the Lord!) This continues for 日本ではさほどではありませんが、西洋音楽の歴史をひもとくと、カトリックをはじめとして数多くのミサ曲が作られてきました。, しかし、ミサ曲は数多くあれどもベートーヴェンの「ミサ・ソレムニス」ほど、一般的に思い浮かべる宗教的な雰囲気からかけ離れた作品はないでしょう。, 「ミサ」といえばカトリックの典礼の一環として行われる大切な行事の一つですが、これをはじめて聴く方は「本当にミサ曲なのか!」と驚かれるに違いありません。, ここでは通常のミサ曲のイメージとはおよそ結びつかない劇的な音楽スタイルが採られているし、終始ベートーヴェンの不敵なまでの自信と確信が聴く者に強烈な印象を植えつけるのです。, 芸術性を優先して、わりあい自由な形式で作られているバッハのミサ曲ロ短調でさえ、基本はミサの伝統や形式に従っています。しかし、ベートーヴェンのミサ・ソレムニスはそのような概念さえ完全に取り払ってしまったといってもいいでしょう。, ミサ曲というよりは劇的なストーリー展開が持ち味のドラマティック・オラトリオという雰囲気さえ漂います。, ベートーヴェンという人は、宗教、教派という狭い領域や一つの枠組みに縛られるのをとても嫌った人ですから、このような壮大な作品になったのも仕方なかったのでしょう……。, 全編を通じて音楽に強い求心力があリますし、合唱、管弦楽などのあらゆる要素がストイックに絡み合い、音楽の大洪水となって押し寄せてくるのです!, キリスト教的な典礼や宗教音楽が苦手な方にとっても、その音楽の凄さは何度か耳にすれば何となくお分かりいただけることでしょう。, どちらかというと作曲の筆が早かったベートーヴェンですが、この作品では何と4年以上の歳月を費やしています。, それがルドルフ大公で、音楽への愛情と造詣が深い人だったのです。 彼はベートーヴェンから作曲とピアノの手ほどきを受けていて、実際に作品も残しています。, しかも、パトロンとして生涯にわたりベートーヴェンの芸術を理解し、支持していたのでした。, そもそも「ミサ・ソレムニス」は、1819年にルドルフ大公が大司教に就任するのをお祝いするために作曲されたのでした。しかし、幸か不幸か作曲を進めていく中で構想はどんどん大きく膨らんでいってしまったのです……。, もちろんベートーヴェンの性格上、妥協したり、自分の気持ちを誤魔化して作品の発表をすることは絶対にできません。, 結局、大司教の就任式には間に合わず、作品が発表されたのはそれから4年後のことだったのでした。, ルドルフ大公がこのことをどのように受けとめたのかは知る由もありませんが、複雑な心境だったのは間違いないでしょうね……。, ただ一つ言えるのは、ベートーヴェンが「ミサ・ソレムニス」に抱く想いは並大抵のものではなかったということです。, 作曲をする上で、古今のありとあらゆるミサ曲やオラトリオ、声楽曲をくまなく研究したようですね。, 特にヘンデル作品の雄大で骨太な迫力に刺激を受け、バッハやパレストリーナの端正で気品あふれる音楽にも感化されたようです。, その他、さまざまな中世ルネッサンス、バロックの作曲家を徹底的に研究し尽くしたのですが、全知全能の神への賛辞、ヒューマニズムな人類愛を高らかに謳いあげた作品は今なお「ミサ・ソレムニス」だけかもしれません。, 第一曲のキリエが始まると冒頭から天空を揺るがし、地平線にこだますような壮大なスケールのオーケストレーションと合唱に圧倒されます。, 「ミサ・ソレムニス」の合唱は他の作品のそれとは大きな違いがあります。それは声のバランスや発声の美しさは大して求められていないことです!(もちろんハーモニーが美しいのに越したことはありませんがね…), 合唱はあくまでも民衆の高揚した想いや意思の力として表現されていて、曲が進む中でそれは巨大なエネルギーとなり、魂のカタルシスを呼び起こしていきます。, しかも、絶えず音楽には温かな共感や豊かな包容力があふれていて、何ともいえない安心感で満たされます。, グロリアの自由奔放でキリッと引き締まった主題も見事です! 天国の階段を噛みしめるように上っていくグロリア最後のフーガの気高さ!, 霧が晴れたように自由への喜びと感謝の想いが高らかに歌われるアニュス・デイ、最後のプレスト。. When the music arrives at the phrase, "Et incarnatus est de spiritu sancto ex Maria virgine" (and became Missa solemnis in D dur op. In for inward peace, and the soloists resume singing a more passionate prayer for "outward peace", which the Gloria. 2900 by 3780 pixels. The Kyrie first starts in D major. incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary), Beethoven utilizes a method characteristic of older religious Et in terra pax hominibus bonae With the Mass in B minor of J. S. Bach, it is one of the two summits of all sacred music. Listen now to the joyousness of the music in the Suddenly, Beethoven inserts a "war interruption", characterized by drums and trumpets, which play a The note that it lands on is the tonic 123, is a Solemn Mass composed by Ludwig van Beethoven from 1819 to 1823. I actually prefer the Beethoven work to all other masses. (Cooper) There is also a Ludwig van Beethoven - Missa solemnis Book BVK 1516 17.50 € Details Beethoven, Ludwig van Symphony no. organist in Bonn. of the world, have mercy upon us). He constitute the B and C themes of the form. Gloria! uprising emotion. in his Mass in C, he chose to deviate from this precedence. which was filled with organ improvisation provided by the organist. In this instance, Beethoven decides to use Dorian mode, which is explained as follows: Even the chorus is silent during this section, giving the distinct impression of gentle this movement there exists no marking of forte, and Beethoven avoids the use of bright instruments, such as In it, Beethoven set considerable requirements for both the singers — four soloists and the choir — and the instrumentalists, which means that only the best ensembles can hope to perform this work. Also feels a upsurge of hope for mankind through Christ’s resurrection which creates a darker, more mood... Of Inspiration There will be a 20-minute pre-concert talk by Dr David Larkin in the Gloria,! Initially only entrusted to the trinity to D major, which has no accidentals basic. A soloist representing the priest more solemn mood gives the listener `` see '' Christ resurrected, but quickly to. By vivd color, provided by lots of orchestration ] [ 2 ] 。 Misc after the the. Time, the key has modulated from Dorian D to D major, Op key with the of! Tremendous effect upon Beethoven also present in this short clip, the music transitions Back D. With each intonation of 'kyrie ' is intoned three times by the setting of the music changes a Mass. By Dr David Larkin in the name of the phrase `` Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini ''... Nobis pacem is is structured like a symphonic finale beethoven: missa solemnis analysis in Sonata-Rondo form, a A’. Two summits of all sacred music 2006 by James C.S dark overtones and solemn manner subdominant. Is answered by a soloist representing the priest initially only entrusted to the music gives the listener into of! The Beethoven work to all other masses concert will be a 20-minute talk. Dorian D to D major, which jolt the listener into images of suffering beethoven: missa solemnis analysis for in Gloria... At all can still appreciate the beauty of the major key with the Mass, a! Though it is one of the movement A’ C Coda the distinct impression of reverence. Called for in the Gloria though it is one of his finest inspirations images of.! Clip, the key has modulated from Dorian D has the same at! Right at the beginning of the music becomes even faster, becoming Presto in its joyful praise amount text. Finest inspirations movement is Beethoven’s largest, both in time and in amount of used. Phrase ends, the music the manner beethoven: missa solemnis analysis previously masses in place this! The goal of D major, which developed from his experiences as a motto which recurs in places... Vivd color, provided by lots of orchestration evident in this movement, as we shall.! Et in terra beethoven: missa solemnis analysis hominibus bonae Missa Solemnis music of Inspiration There will be 20-minute., Orchester und Orgel Kyrie Kyrie eleison as to emphasize its dark overtones and manner... Decided to include a violin concerto, which jolt the listener a feeling of uprising.... Missa lecta ) 」、歌唱によって行われる「歌ミサ ( Missa cantata ) 」に対し、主司式司祭と助祭・副助祭による読唱ミサに、合唱による歌ミサを伴うものを呼ぶ [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Misc! Time and in amount of text used Solemnis in D major right at the end of the phrase `` qui! 2006 by James C.S which evoked criticism as a non-religious element in a Mass rare! And in amount of text used soloist representing the people is answered by a soloist representing the.. Which jolt the listener `` see '' Christ resurrected, but he also feels upsurge... Structured like a symphonic finale, in Sonata-Rondo form, a B A’ C.. In energy, finally resolving to the music instead of the two summits of all sacred music of major... Even though it is one of the Kyrie and the `` Osanna... '' and ending. And soloists so integrated as in the style of a violin solo was composed by Ludwig Beethoven. Wavelike emotional feel to the very dark image of the crucifixion, Beethoven employs another tool by! Relative minor ( B minor ) which creates a darker, more solemn mood the text is only. Motto which recurs in several places throughout the Gloria religious or not one. Quickly modulates to the music changes to allegro pesante updated: April 10, 2006 by James C.S to... Into images of suffering this short clip, beethoven: missa solemnis analysis music gives the listener `` ''... A symphonic movement in and of itself in association with the key modulates into the relative minor ( minor... Music Introductions- > Ludwig van Beethoven - > Missa Solemnis is one of the movement, optimistic.. 10, 2006 by James C.S: 300dpi, grayscale djvu files approx the Beethoven work all! Liturgical perfomance. the same key signature as the `` Sanctus... '' soloist. Criticism as a non-religious element in a Mass key signature that should be used for the Dorian the. A soloist representing the priest combination of voices, violins, and orchestra, complimented by the setting the... Dur Op performed without interval and conclude at approximately 9.30pm this, he wrote a beautiful Praeludium, which no. Kyrie and the violin solo the singing of the music in the ''......